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Titre: Real-Time Genetic Algorithms-Based MPPT: Study and Comparison (Theoretical an Experimental) with Conventional Methods
Auteur(s): Hadji, Slimane
Gaubert, Jean-Pau
Krim, Fateh
Mots-clés: genetic algorithms
maximum power point trackers
optimization methods
photovoltaic systems
power system simulation
Date de publication: 27-nov-2018
Collection/Numéro: Energies 2018, 11, 459;doi:10.3390/en11020459;Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Résumé: Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) methods are used in photovoltaic (PV) systems to continually maximize the PV array output power, which strongly depends on both solar radiation and cell temperature. The PV power oscillations around the maximum power point (MPP) resulting from the conventional methods and complexity of the non-conventional ones are convincing reasons to look for novel MPPT methods. This paper deals with simple Genetic Algorithms (GAs) based MPPT method in order to improve the convergence, rapidity, and accuracy of the PV system. The proposed method can also efficiently track the global MPP, which is very useful for partial shading. At first, a review of the algorithm is given, followed with many test examples; then, a comparison by means Matlab/Simulink© (R2009b) is conducted between the proposed MPPT and, the popular Perturb and Observe (PO) and Incremental Conductance (IC) techniques. The results show clearly the superiority of the proposed controller. Indeed, with the proposed algorithm, oscillations around the MPP are dramatically minimized, a better stability is observed and increase in the output power efficiency is obtained. All these results are experimentally validated by a test bench developed at LIAS laboratory (Poitiers University, Poitiers, France) using real PV panels and a PV emulator which allows one to define a profile insolation model. In addition, the proposed method permits one to perform the test of linearity between the optimal current Imp (current at maximum power) and the short-circuit current Isc, and between the optimal voltage Vmp and open-circuit voltage Voc, so the current and voltage factors can be easily obtained with our algorithm.
URI/URL: http://dspace.univ-setif.dz:8888/jspui/handle/123456789/2962
ISSN: EISSN 1996-1073
Collection(s) :Articles

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